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Table 2 Descriptive and Inferential Statistics Obtained After an ANOVA (Pretest) for Children’s Performances on Each Measure, with F and P Values for the Experimental (EG) and Control (CG) Groups

From: Is it possible to promote executive functions in preschoolers? A case study in Brazil

Variable EG (M, SD) CG (M, SD) F (df) p
Trail Making Test for Preschoolers –Total part A 4.36 (3.1) 4.03 (3.52) .185 (1, 71) .669
Trail Making Test for Preschoolers –Total part B 4.81 (3,8) 3.68 (2.95) 2.048 (1, 71) .157
Cancellation Attention Test – Total score 29.19 (13.3) 30.27 (12) .132 (1, 71) .718
Semantic Stroop Test - Score in part 1 15.41 (1.4) 15.09 (1.2) 1.041 (1, 64) .311
Semantic Stroop Test - Score in part 2 13.44 (3.4) 12.59 (4.9) .671 (1, 64) .416
Semantic Stroop Test – Reaction time in part 1* .65 (.2) .66 (.2) .009 (1, 61) .926
Semantic Stroop Test – Reaction time in part 2* 1.16 (.4) 1.33 (.4) 3.516 (1, 61) .066
Semantic Stroop Test – Interference score −1.97 (3.0) −2.50 (4.6) .305 (1, 64) .583
Semantic Stroop Test – Interference – reaction time .51 (.3) .85 (1.0) 3.367 (1, 61) .071
Go NoGo Task – Total score .76 (.1) .72 (.2) 1.879 (1, 68) .175
Go NoGo Task – Reaction time* .67 (.2) .74 (.2) 2.394 (1, 68) .126
Simon Task - Score on part 1 – congruent items .82 (.2) .84 (.1) .179 (1, 61) .673
Simon Task - Score on part 1 – incongruent items .91 (.2) .89 (.2) .194 (1, 61) .661
Simon Task - Score on part 2 – congruent items .80 (.2) .79 (.2) .027 (1, 61) .870
Simon Task - Score on part 2 – incongruent items .71 (.3) .73 (.3) .080 (1, 61) .778
Simon Task - Score on part 3 – congruent items .70 (.3) .69 (.3) .017 (1, 61) .896
Simon Task - Score on part 3 – incongruent items .82 (.2) .71 (.3) 3.591 (1, 61) .063
  1. *seconds