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Table 3 Statistics Corrected by ANCOVA (Posttest) for Children’s Performances on Each Measure, with F and P Values for the Experimental (EG) and Control (CG) Groups (Controlling for Pretest Performance in the Respective Measure)

From: Is it possible to promote executive functions in preschoolers? A case study in Brazil

Variable   EG M (SE) CG M (SE) F (df) p Eta Square
Trail Making Test for Preschoolers –Total part A Group effect 7.24 (.5) 6.11 (.5) 2.711 (1, 66) .100 .039
Covariant effect -- -- 4.952 (1, 66) .029 .070
Trail Making Test for Preschoolers –Total part B Group effect 7.93 (.7) 7.54 (.7) .158 (1, 66) .692 .002
Covariant effect -- -- 6.066 (1, 66) .016 .084
Cancellation Attention Test – Total score Group effect 48.48 (2.2) 41.65 (2.1) 4.930 (1, 66) .030 .070
Covariant effect -- -- 8.941 (1, 66) .004 .119
Semantic Stroop Test - Score in part 1 Group effect 15.82 (.1) 15.79 (.1) .042 (1, 63) .838 <.001
Covariant effect -- -- .162 (1, 63) .689 .003
Semantic Stroop Test - Score in part 2 Group effect 15.73 (.3) 14.75 (.3) 5.081 (1, 63) .028 .075
Covariant effect -- -- 11.969 (1, 63) .001 1.6
Semantic Stroop Test – Reaction time in part 1* Group effect .51 (.03) .47 (.03) 1.172 (1, 63) .283 .018
Covariant effect -- -- 3.234 (1, 63) .077 .049
Semantic Stroop Test – Reaction time in part 2* Group effect 1.06 (.04) .96 (.04) 2.964 (1, 60) .090 .047
Covariant effect -- -- 30.265 (1, 60) <.001 .335
Semantic Stroop Test – Interference score Group effect -.04 (.3) −1.08 (.3) 5.724 (1, 63) .020 .083
Covariant effect -- -- 8.142 (1, 63) .006 .114
Semantic Stroop Test – Interference – reaction time Group effect .52 (.04) .51 (.04) .026 (1, 60) .872 <.001
Covariant effect -- -- 2.297 (1, 60) .135 .037
Go NoGo Task – Total score Group effect .81 (.02) .85 (.02) 2.270 (1, 64) .137 .034
Covariant effect -- -- 6.317 (1, 64) .014 .090
Go NoGo Task – Reaction time* Group effect .70 (.2) .63 (.2) 4.669 (1, 64) .034 .068
Covariant effect -- -- 22.682 (1, 64) <.001 .262
Simon Task - Score on part 1 – congruent items Group effect .88 (.02) .92 (.02) 2.426 (1, 60) .125 .039
Covariant effect -- -- 2.265 (1, 60) .138 .036
Simon Task - Score on part 1 – incongruent items Group effect .99 (.02) .93 (.02) 5.402 (1, 60) .024 .083
Covariant effect -- -- .065 (1, 60) .800 .001
Simon Task - Score on part 2 – congruent items Group effect .87 (.04) .85 (.04) .248 (1, 60) .620 .004
Covariant effect -- -- 5.229 (1, 60) .026 .080
Simon Task - Score on part 2 – incongruent items Group effect .79 (.04) .75 (.04) .448 (1, 60) .506 .007
Covariant effect -- -- 12.248 (1, 60) .001 .170
Simon Task - Score on part 3 – congruent items Group effect .83 (.03) .91 (.03) 2.612 (1, 60) .111 .042
Covariant effect -- -- .443 (1, 60) .508 .007
Simon Task - Score on part 3 – incongruent items Group effect .89 (.03) .90 (.03) .070 (1, 60) .792 .001
Covariant effect -- -- .218 (1, 60) .642 .004
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