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Table 1 Descriptive information on the demographics and outcome variables of young children (N = 990)

From: Enhancing social-emotional well-being in young children through improving teachers’ social-emotional competence and curriculum design in Hong Kong

Variables Frequency (%)
Child and family characteristics
 Age Mean = 4.3 (S.D. = 1.0)
 Sex
  Male 505 (51.0)
  Female 485 (49.0)
 Single child
  Yes 342 (34.9)
  No 638 (65.1)
 Residence of the child
  Hong Kong 913 (92.6)
  Mainland China 73 (7.4)
 Residence of parents
  Both parents living in Hong Kong 821 (84.3)
  Only one parent living in Hong Kong 51 (5.2)
  Both parents not living in Hong King 102 (10.5)
 Mother’s native language
  Cantonese (Hong Kong local language) 855 (87.2)
  Putonghua (official Chinese) and others 125 (12.8)
 Carer
  At least one biological parent 759 (77.0)
  Others 227 (23.0)
 Employment of parents
  Both parents are working 487 (49.4)
  Only father works 474 (48.2)
  Others 24 (2.4)
 Developmental problems
  Yes 87 (9.0)
  No 877 (91.0)
Social-emotional well-being measures
 Pre-intervention
  Social competence Mean = 34.7 (S.D. = 9.8)
  Anxiety/withdraw Mean = 21.9 (S.D. = 8.0)
  Anger/aggression Mean = 19.2 (S.D. = 7.6)
 Post-intervention
  Social competence Mean = 37.6 (S.D. = 9.6)
  Anxiety/withdraw Mean = 20.1 (S.D. = 7.8)
  Anger/aggression Mean = 17.7 (S.D. = 6.8)