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Table 15 Group-based single-factor ANCOVA results for the overall posttest scores, corrected according to the expressing emotions subtest results

From: Integrating field-trip activities with other activities in the preschool curriculum: its effects on the preschoolers’ social–emotional skills

Source Sum of squares df Mean square F p η 2 Significant difference
Exp. emotions pretest 33.658 1 33.658 10.572 .003 33.658  
Group 31.152 1 31.152 9.785 .004 31.152 A > B
Error 105.064 33 3.184    105.064  
Total 1655.000 36     1655.000  
  1. A = experimental, B = control