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Table 2 Group-based single-factor ANCOVA results for the posttest scores, corrected according to the baseline skills subdimension pretest scores

From: Integrating field-trip activities with other activities in the preschool curriculum: its effects on the preschoolers’ social–emotional skills

Source Sum of squares df Mean square F p η 2 Significant difference
Baseline skills pretest 316.166 1 316.166 8.047 .008 .196  
Group 103.819 1 103.819 12.642 .014 .557 A > B
Error 1296.556 33 39.290     
Total 97,441.000 36      
  1. A = experimental, B = control