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Table 4 Evaluations of risk, safety knowledge, and risk-taking behaviors by demographic characteristics

From: Chinese preschoolers’ risk-taking behaviors: a tripartite relation

  Risk evaluation Safety knowledge Risk-taking
M (SD) M (SD) M (SD)
Child’s gender
 Girls 12.51 (3.99) 8.78 (3.35) 2.94 (2.07)
 Boys 12.65 (4.60) 9.13 (3.67) 3.23 (2.16)
Only child status
 Not only child 11.29 (5.16) 7.64 (3.28) 3.69 (2.21)
 Only child 13.07 (3.89) 9.47 (3.50) 2.87 (2.05)
Parents’ ethnicity
 Minorities 9.43 (6.21) 7.32 (4.32) 4.21 (2.11)
 Majority (Han) 13.05 (3.77) 9.21 (3.33) 2.93 (2.07)
Main caregiver
 Other than both parents 12.48 (4.63) 9.19 (3.70) 2.98 (2.10)
 Both parents 12.63 (4.20) 8.88 (3.45) 3.14 (2.13)
Residential area
 Rural 11.16 (5.04) 7.33 (3.19) 3.96 (2.00)
 Urban 14.05 (2.77) 10.65 (3.03) 2.20 (1.86)
Residential mobility
 Low mobility 13.29 (3.83) 9.76 (3.42) 2.69 (2.03)
 High mobility 11.29 (4.90) 7.52 (3.27) 3.07 (2.11)
  1. N = 217. See Table 2 for the correlations among child’s age, mother’s age, father’s age, and SES (all continuous variables); and the three risk-related variables (risk evaluation, safety knowledge, and risk-taking behaviors; also continuous)