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Table 7 Double-hurdle estimation result (dependent variable, child labour participation)

From: Effect of cropland and livestock ownership on child labour in eastern Ethiopia: empirical examination of the Wealth Paradox

Dependent variables Variable description Coefficient Z value
Child labour participation (Tier 1) Sex of household head − 2.60 − 0.29
Age of household head − 5.25 − 1.11
Household head education − 5.99* − 1.73
Cropland owned − 24.64 − 1.57
Hours for education per day by child 3.89 1.54
Livestock in TLU 219.0*** 6.13
Household’s poverty status (rich was the base) − 21.0* − 1.87
Adult family member − 1.37 − 0.68
Location dummya
 Kurfa Chelie 17.10*** 3.13
 Kersa − 22.89 − 0.46
 Fedis 5.06 0.37
Household head age square 0.064 1.02
Dependent family members 0.306 0.21
Constant 102.0 1.15
Intensity of participation (Tier 2) Cropland owned 3.76** 2.36
Constant − 12.59* − 1.75
Sigma Constant 6.46*** 4.7
  Wald χ2 (13) 58.01
  Prob > χ2 0.000
  1. ***, **, and * 1%, 5% and 10% level of significance, respectively
  2. aMelka Bello district was the base in constructing dummy variable