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Table 2 Social status and type of preschool attended

From: Public or private? Determinants of parents’ preschool choice in India

Variable nameDefinitionValuesPublic preschoolPrivate preschoolPearson Χ2
Number of households (row percentage in parenthesis)Number of households (percentage in parenthesis)
House typeType of housing household have1 = concrete227 (53.92)193 (46.08)Chi2(2) = 127.15***
2 = semi-concrete215 (80)54 (20)
3 = non-concrete203 (94.42)12 (5.58)
Parent eduHighest education level achieved by either of the parents1 = up to primary226 (93.80)15 (6.20)Chi2(2) = 105.52***
2 = up to secondary309 (69.28)137 (30.72)
3 = higher secondary or above110 (50.46)107 (49.54)
Father jobOccupational status of the father1 = regular460 (70.95)192 (29.51)Chi2(1) = 0.49
2 = casual or no job178 (71.16)66 (27.84)
Mother JobOccupational status of the mother1 = regular26 (53.06)23 (46.94)Chi2(1) = 8.56**
2 = casual or no job619 (72.43)235 (27.57)
ReligionReligious origin of the household1 = Hindu464 (67.94)218 (32.06)Chi2(1) = 14.92***
2 = Islam and others181 (81.61)41 (18.39)
CasteCaste origin of the household1 = Backward castes (S.C, S.T. & OBC together)177 (80.45)43 (19.55)Chi2(1) = 11.79***
2 = General caste468 (68.37)216 (31.63)
  1. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001