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Table 1 Characteristics of families with at least one child less than 12 years old who did and did not claim the child care expense deduction

From: Correction to: Uptake of the child care expense deduction: exploring factors associated with the use of the child care expense deduction among families with a child under 12 years

  Families with a child less than 12 Claimed child care expense deduction Did not claim child care expense deduction Chi square
N 3,786 933 2,853  
Weighted N 2,847,738 690,885 2,156,853  
Weighted percent 100.00 24.26 75.74  
Demographics     
 Family composition     25.36*
  Two-parent household 85.93 22.48 77.52  
  Lone-parent household 14.07 35.15 64.85  
 Highest education in household     31.26*
  Bachelor’s degree or higher 46.06 28.88 71.12  
  Less than a Bachelor’s degree 53.94 20.42 79.58  
 Adjusted family income quartiles     19.13*
  Lowest income quartile 1 17.93 13.59 86.41  
  Income quartile 2 28.50 21.29 78.71  
  Income quartile 3 25.96 29.54 70.46  
  Highest income quartile 4 27.62 28.60 71.40  
 Family Indigenous status1     9.16*
  At least one parent Indigenous 5.22 16.12E 83.88  
  No parent Indigenous 94.78 24.69 75.31  
 Family visible minority status     4.03*
  Lone or both parents visible minority 15.92 19.95 80.05  
  One parent visible minority,
other parent non-visible minority
5.88 19.58E 80.42  
  Lone or neither parent visible minority 78.20 25.49 74.51  
 Family immigrant status     3.50*
  Lone or both parents immigrants 19.36 20.42 79.58  
  One parent immigrant,
one parent Canadian born
10.77 22.40 77.60  
  Lone or both parents Canadian born 69.87 25.64 74.36  
 Area of residence     14.07*
  Urban 81.73 25.43 74.57  
  Rural 18.27 19.02 80.98  
 Province     9.44*
  NL 1.34 13.83 E 86.17  
  PE 0.38 28.07 E 71.93  
  NS 2.43 21.95 78.05  
  NB 2.06 28.11 71.89  
  QC 23.33 36.1 63.89  
  ON 37.57 20.65 79.35  
  MB 3.31 23.70 76.30  
  SK 2.97 17.88 82.12  
  AB 12.96 19.07 80.93  
  BC 13.66 21.15 78.85  
Children in household     
 Total number of children     4.65*
  1 33.71 25.79 74.21  
  2 45.15 25.06 74.94  
  3+ 21.13 20.11 79.89  
 Total Number of Children under 12     1.90
  1 48.95 24.52 75.48  
  2 39.60 25.05 74.95  
  3+ 11.45 20.43 79.57  
 At least one Child under 6     0.06
  Yes 62.46 24.11 75.89  
  No 37.54 24.52 75.48  
 Additional child 12-18 potential to
supervise
    7.30*
  Yes 21.47 20.55 79.45  
  No 78.53 25.28 74.72  
Family work characteristics     
 Family work/in school     207.59*
  Lone or both parents work/in school 76.99 29.38 70.62  
  At least one parent no work/in school 23.01 7.14 92.86  
 Family work schedule     117.94*
  Lone or both parents standard work 43.70 34.44 65.56  
  One parent standard work,
one parent non-standard work
30.93 23.89 76.11  
  At least one parent not working 25.37 7.66 92.34  
 Family work hours     124.29*
  Lone or both parents working 30+ hrs 52.01 34.92 65.08  
  Lone or one parent working <30 hrs,
one parent <30 or 30+ hrs
20.19 22.58 77.42  
  At least one parent not working 27.80 7.66 92.34  
  1. Source: General Social Survey 2011 linked to T1FF
  2. E Use with caution
  3. F Too unreliable to be published
  4. XSupressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
  5. *p<0.05
  6. 1Indigenous Identity of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit also considered; however, sample
  7. too small to report