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Table 1 Definitions of ecological system terms as used in this paper.

From: Pre-K teachers’ professional identity development at community-based organizations during universal Pre-K expansion in New York City

Ecological level Definition Examples
Microsystem Situations in which the practitioner is physically present and has face-to-face contact with influential others Children
Caregivers and families
Social worker, etc.
Mesosystem Relationships between the Microsystems; connections between situations Team connections
Multi-/inter-professional work such as children and caregivers, families and site leaders, and families and a social worker
Exosystem Settings in which practitioners do not participate but in which significant decisions affecting them are made Local/regional body authority
Parents’ workplace, such as the DOE and Early Learn in NYC
Macrosystem ‘Blueprints’ for a particular society; assumptions about ‘how things should be done’ Values, shared assumptions, broad ideological patterns of a particular culture; socio-economic and political context, such as domestic and international research organizations including OECD
Chronosystem Developments of the ecological system over time Socio-historical context such as racism, long-held feminized profession of ECCE, Covid-19 pandemic