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Table 1 ECEC challenges and qualitative research

From: Qualitative Research in Early Childhood Education and Care Implementation

Challenge Examples of Qualitative Research
Creating coordinated national agendas for early childhood development that bring together education, health, family and community policies and programs, at national, provincial and local levels Best/good practice studies, identifying
i. key drivers of policy and program reform
ii. the role of advocates, government ministers, non-governmental organisations (NGOs)
iii. organisational structures that support joined up action (national, provincial and local)
Building parent and community engagement in ECEC/ECD including increasing parental awareness the importance of ECEC and parents’ role Studies of
i. successful/unsuccessful communication with parents and communities
ii. community liaison infrastructure
iii. parent perspectives, and how they can be influenced, including the role of parenting programs.
iv. Financing arrangements, legal instruments
Finding lower cost ways of supporting highly disadvantaged children Studies of the best mix of universal and targeted services
Strategies and action focused on ethnic minority children Studies focusing on successful and unsuccessful programs (including meta studies) for
i. building public servant and professional capacity
ii. building community member leadership capacity
iii. outreach
iv. ethnic minority teachers and teaching assistants
v. bilingual approaches
vi. cultural acknowledgement
vii. remote service delivery/mobile approaches
Enhancing workforce quality Studies on the impact of working conditions on ECEC quality, and which conditions matter most for child outcomes
Persuading governments to invest in the more “invisible” components of quality Cross country studies of
i. successful advocacy and leadership and
ii. where/why quantitative data has been effective in driving government commitment
Driving a radical change in the way health/education/family service professions and their agencies understand each other and to work together Trials of
i. changes to initial training and professional development for professions, including multi-disciplinary elements
ii. coordinating infrastructure at local level
Parenting programs — identifying effective ones and linking to ECEC service delivery Research on
i. extent to which high variability in outcomes is linked to implementation variability
ii. Enriching nurse or health worker delivered services with education messages/support for parents, especially for the 0–3s
iii. how to link formal delivery with informal/in home parenting support
Scaling up from successful trials Studies that identify key elements of successful and unsuccessful scaling up including:
i. government/management oversight structures ii. timeframe and resourcing
ii. timeframe and resourcing
iii. local flexibility versus national prescription
iv. workforce development and working conditions