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Table 2 Assessed Global Child Care Quality and Teacher-Child Interactions as a Function of Regulatory Level

From: Church Sponsored Child Care: Association of Regulatory Level with Quality

Observational Measure Licensed Center VCP Registered Ministry F
ECERS-R 4.15a 3.91a 2.73b 19.35***
  (.73) (.66) (.88)  
ITERS-R 4.18a 3.51a 2.68b 13.78**
  (.79) (.58) (.85)  
CIS — Preschool Positive Relationships 2.55 2.69 2.21 2.98
  (.69) (.65) (.53)  
Punitive 1.60 1.36 1.89 2.95
  (.77) (.50) (.78)  
Permissiveness 2.08a 2.01ab 2.45c 5.22**
  (.48) (.44) (.43)  
Detachment 1.45a 1.36ab 1.86c 3.80*
  (.57) (.45) (.77)  
CIS — Infant/Toddler Positive Relationships 2.59 2.61 2.12 2.01
  (.77) (.71) (.63)  
Punitive 1.25a 1.23ab 1.67c 3.51*
  (.31) (.46) (.72)  
Permissiveness 2.03 2.22 2.35 1.65
  (.42) (.39) (.52)  
Detachment 1.38 1.41 1.89 2.10
  (.53) (.67) (1.03)  
  1. Note. Standard deviations appear in parenthesis below means. Means with differing subscripts within rows are significantly different at the p<.05 based on Bonferroni post hoc tests.
  2. *p < .05 **p < .01