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Table 1 Situations characteristic of learning: responses from infant/toddler educators

From: Early childhood educator’ perspectives on how infants and toddlers learn: Australia and China

  Australia China
Rank M % Rank M %
Play where children and adults participate together 1 1.38 69.7 4 1.59 48.1
Situations which build on children’s own initiatives 2 1.53 63.6 3 1.54 59.3
Situations which contribute to children’s social development 3 1.55 60.6 5 1.65 48.1
Free play 4 1.58 48.5 6 2.07 35.2
Creative activities, for example, painting and music 5 2.00 33.3 1 1.35 70.4
Conflicts in everyday life which children try to solve themselves 6 2.26 42.4 2 1.43 63.0
Goal-directed activity in order to develop reading and writing 7 2.72 21.2 8 2.48 24.1
Circle time 8 2.81 21.2 7 2.17 27.8