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Table 11 T-test results for the experimental group’s mean scores on the social-skills subtest of the posttest and follow-up test

From: Integrating field-trip activities with other activities in the preschool curriculum: its effects on the preschoolers’ social–emotional skills

Subdimensions Measurement \({\bar{\mathbf{X}}}\) SD t p
Baseline skills Posttest 52.6111 4.11795 .172 .865
Follow-up test 52.3333 5.47723
Academic-support skills Posttest 54.3333 3.58100 1.86 .070
Follow-up test 51.6667 4.88696
Friendship skills Posttest 58.5000 5.51202 .660 .514
Follow-up test 57.3333 5.08747
Emotion-management skills Posttest 51.2222 4.13814 .378 .708
Follow-up test 50.6111 5.46797
Social-skills total Posttest 216.6667 14.89177 .822 .417
Follow-up test 211.9444 19.30398