Skip to main content

Table 4 Group-based single-factor ANCOVA results for the posttest scores, corrected according to the academic-support skills subdimension pretest scores

From: Integrating field-trip activities with other activities in the preschool curriculum: its effects on the preschoolers’ social–emotional skills

Source Sum of squares df Mean square F p η 2 Significant difference
Academic-support pretest 9.331 1 9.331 4.313 .029 .449  
Group 93.359 1 93.359 7.136 .032 .517 A > B
Error 982.280 33 29.766     
Total 101,459.000 36      
  1. A = experimental, B = control