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Table 4 Estimation of the selection equation

From: Public or private? Determinants of parents’ preschool choice in India

Probit model. Base outcome: preschool non-attendedCoefficient
Log (household Income)0.055 (0.030)
House type (ref: non-concrete)
 Concrete0.025 (0.033)
 Semi-concrete0.010 (0.028)
Parents’ level of education (ref: up to primary)
 Secondary0.059* (0.028)
 HS and above0.192*** (0.043)
Fathers’ occupation status (ref: regular job)
 Casual or no job− 0.076** (0.026)
Mothers’ occupation status (ref: regular Job)
 Casual or no job0.062 (0.059)
Religious origin (ref. Hindu)
 Islam and others0.180*** (0.027)
Caste origin-backward caste (Ref: general caste)
 Backward castes (S.C., S.T., OBC)0.022 (0.027)
Sex of the child (ref. male child)
 Female child0.027 (0.022)
General health status of the child (ref: below average)
 Average or good0.179** (0.039)
 Number of children0.000 (0.016)
Residing location (ref: rural)
 Urban0.002 (0.032)
Residing district (ref: Howrah)
 Murshidabad− 0.335*** (0.029)
Type of preschool (ref: public preschool)
 Private preschool0.104*** (0.017)
Distance (ref. more than 500 m)
 Within 500 m0.051* (0.022)
Observation1351
  1. Coefficients represent marginal effects
  2. Standard error in parenthesis. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001