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Table 5 Estimation of the effect of distance on the choice of a preschool type

From: Public or private? Determinants of parents’ preschool choice in India

Probit estimation (base outcome: public preschool)Coefficient
Distance of the nearest preschool (ref. within 500 m)
 More than 500 m− 0.148 (0.109)
Log (household income)1.480*** (0.151)
House type (ref: non-concrete)
 Concrete0.821*** (0.201)
 Semi-concrete0.551*** (0.192)
Parents’ level of education (ref: up to primary)
 Secondary0.853*** (0.177)
 HS and above0.916*** (0.215)
Fathers’ occupation status (ref: regular job)
 Casual or no job− 0.230* (0.139)
Mothers’ occupation status (ref: regular job)
 Casual or no job0.00580 (0.260)
Religious origin (ref. Hindu)
 Islam and others− 0.302* (0.171)
Caste origin-backward caste (ref: general caste)
 Backward castes (S.C., S.T., OBC)0.237 (0.145)
Sex of the child (ref. male child)
 Female child0.296*** (0.111)
General health status of the child (ref: below average)
 Average or good− 0.311 (0.214)
 Number of children− 0.178** (0.0883)
Residing location (ref: rural)
 Urban− 0.0637 (0.135)
Residing district (ref: Howrah)
 Murshidabad1.200*** (0.163)
Constant− 14.97*** (− 1.415)
  1. Coefficients represent marginal effects. Standard error in parenthesis
  2. *p < 0.05, **p < 0.01, ***p < 0.001