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Table 2 Logistic regression predicting claimants of the child care expense deduction among families with a child less than 12

From: Correction to: Uptake of the child care expense deduction: exploring factors associated with the use of the child care expense deduction among families with a child under 12 years

  Model 1 Model 2 Model 3
  Odds ratio Odds ratio Odds ratio
Intercept 0.71 0.53 0.66
Family composition
 Two-parent household (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Lone-parent household 3.28* 3.37* 2.64*
Highest Education in Household
 Bachelor’s degree or higher (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 Less than a Bachelor’s degree 0.65* 0.66* 0.69*
Adjusted Family Income Quartiles
 Lowest income quartile 1 0.33* 0.33* 0.58*
 Income quartile 2 0.69* 0.68* 0.79
 Income quartile 3 1.04 1.03 1.12
 Highest income quartile 4 (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Family Indigenous status1
 At least one parent Indigenous 1.19 1.19 0.93
 No parent Indigenous (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Family Visible Minority Status
 Lone or both parents visible minority 0.80 0.80 0.81
 One parent visible minority, other parent non-visible minority 0.74 0.75 0.78
 Lone or neither parent visible minority (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Family Immigrant status
 Lone or both parents immigrants 0.97 0.98 1.11
 One parent immigrant, one parent Canadian-born 1.06 1.06 1.12
 Lone or both parents Canadian-born (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Area of residence
 Rural 0.75* 0.75* 0.76*
 Urban (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
Province
 NL 0.27* 0.27* 0.32*
 PE 0.68 0.70 0.75
 NS 0.46* 0.46* 0.52*
 NB 0.64* 0.63* 0.69
 QC (REF) 1.00 1.00 1.00
 ON 0.44* 0.43* 0.49*
 MB 0.58* 0.59* 0.58*
 SK 0.41* 0.41* 0.49*
 AB 0.42* 0.42* 0.48*
 BC 0.41* 0.41* 0.47*
Number of children in the household
 1 (REF)   1.00 1.00
 2   1.08 1.19
 3+   1.13 1.25
Child 12–18 potential to supervise
 No   1.32* 1.49*
 Yes (REF)   1.00 1.00
Family work hours
 Lone or both parents working 30 + h (REF)    1.00
 Lone or one parent working < 30 h, one parent working < 30 or 30+ h    0.67*
 At least one parent not working    0.20*
  1. Source: General Social Survey 2011 linked to T1FF
  2. *p < 0.05 
  3. 1Sample of Indigenous Identity distinctions (First Nations, Métis, Inuit) too small to include in analysis
  4. Family work variables (family working/in school and family work schedule) were not included in the final models due to high correlation with family work hours variable
  5. Model 1: Demographic variables
  6. Model 2: Demographic variables + child composition
  7. Model 3: Demographic variables + child composition + family work characteristics