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Table 3 Characteristics of families with at least one child less than 6 years old who did and did not claim the child care expense deduction

From: Correction to: Uptake of the child care expense deduction: exploring factors associated with the use of the child care expense deduction among families with a child under 12 years

  Families with a child less than 6 Claimed child care expense deduction Did not claim child care expense deduction Chi square
N 2,223 559 1,664  
Weighted N 1,778,769 428,814 1,349,954  
Weighted percentage 100.00 24.11 75.89  
Family demographics     
 Family composition     7.00*
 Two-parent household 89.76 23.16 76.84  
 Lone-parent household 10.24 32.44 67.56  
Highest education in household     28.75*
 Bachelor’s degree or higher 48.07 29.67 70.33  
 Less than a Bachelor’s degree 51.93 19.01 80.99  
Adjusted family income quartiles     12.88*
 Lowest income quartile 1 18.56 12.98 87.02  
 Income quartile 2 29.03 21.31 78.69  
 Income quartile 3 23.42 29.79 70.21  
 Highest income quartile 4 28.98 28.43 71.57  
Family Indigenous status     8.67*
 Lone or at least one parent Indigenous 5.04 14.18E 85.82  
 Lone or neither parent Indigenous 94.96 24.61 75.39  
Family visible minority status     1.14
 Lone or both parents visible minority 16.09 22.33 77.67  
 One parent visible minority,
other parent non-visible minority
6.94 19.43E 80.57  
 Lone or neither parent visible minority 76.97 24.86 75.14  
Family immigrant status     0.33
 Lone or both parents immigrants 18.81 22.35 77.65  
 One parent immigrant, one
parent Canadian-born
11.34 23.78 76.22  
 Lone or both parents Canadian-born 69.85 24.66 75.34  
Area of residence     5.69*
 Urban 81.86 25.11 74.89  
 Rural 18.14 19.59 80.41  
Region     5.18*
 Atlantic 5.76 25.28 74.72  
 Quebec 23.48 32.46 67.54  
 Ontario 36.48 21.45 78.55  
 Prairie 20.11 20.21 79.79  
 British Columbia 14.16 22.15 77.85  
Children in household     
 Total number of children     1.12
  1   24.07 75.93  
  2   25.39 74.61  
  3+   21.55 78.45  
 Total number of children under 12     0.93
  1   24.36 75.64  
  2   24.91 75.09  
  3+   21.23 78.77  
 Additional child 12-18 potential to
supervise
    0.70
  Yes 8.01 21.53E 78.47  
  No 91.99 24.33 75.67  
Family work characteristics     
 Family work/in school     137.19*
  Lone or both parents work/in school 74.22 29.99 70.01  
  At least one parent no work/in school 25.78 7.18E 92.82  
 Family work schedule     77.66*
  Lone or both parents standard work 41.46 34.67 65.33  
  One parent standard work,
one parent non-standard work
30.15 24.98 75.02  
  At least one parent not working 28.39 7.80 92.20  
 Family work hours     81.71
  Lone or both parents working 30+ hrs 49.04 35.02 64.98  
  Lone or one parent working <30 hrs,
one parent <30 or 30+ hrs
19.84 23.85 76.15  
  At least one parent not working 31.12 7.80 92.20  
  1. Source: General Social Survey 2011 linked to T1FF
  2. E Use with caution
  3. F Too unreliable to be published
  4. XSupressed to meet the confidentiality requirements of the Statistics Act
  5. *p<0.05
  6. 1Indigenous Identity of First Nations, Métis, and Inuit also considered; however, sample
  7. too small to report